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  • Open Access

Experimental studies on the larval development of the shrimpsCrangon crangon andC. allmanni

  • 1, 2 and
  • 1
Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen40:BF01983735


    Larvae of the shrimpsCrangon crangon L. andC. allmanni Kinahan were reared in the laboratory from hatching through metamorphosis. Effects of rearing methods (larval density, application of streptomycin, food) and of salinity on larval development were tested only inC. crangon, influence of temperature was studied in both species. Best results were obtained when larvae were reared individually, with a mixture ofArtemia sp. and the rotiferBrachionus plicatilis as food. Streptomycin had partly negative effects and was thus not adopted for standard rearing techniques. All factors tested in this study influenced not only the rates of larval survival and moulting, but also morphogenesis. In both species, in particular inC. crangon, a high degree of variability in larval morphology and in developmental pathways was observed. Unsuitable conditions, e.g. crowding in mass culture, application of antibiotics, unsuitable food (rotifers, phytoplankton), extreme temperatures and salinities, tend to increase the number of larval instars and of morphological forms. The frequency of moulting is controlled mainly by temperature. Regression equations describing the relations between the durations of larval instars and temperature are given for bothCrangon species. The number of moults is a linear function of larval age and a power function of temperature. There is high variation in growth (measured as carapace length), moulting frequency, morphogenesis, and survival among hatches originating from different females. The interrelations between these different measures of larval development in shrimps and prawns are discussed.


    • Waste Water
    • Phytoplankton
    • Streptomycin
    • Power Function
    • Larval Development