Skip to content


Helgoland Marine Research

Open Access

Lethal exposure times and preconditioning to upper temperature limits of some temperate North Atlantic red algae

  • C. Yarish1,
  • H. Kirkman2 and
  • K. Lüning3
Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen41:BF02366196


Using the red algaPolyneura hilliae as an example, the minimum time taken for lethal temperature exposure, with no regeneration capacity left, was 2 weeks. Employing this exposure time, the upper temperature limits of the following 13 red algal species belonging to four biogeographical distribution groups were determined:Callophyllis lacinita, Polyneura hilliae, Hypoglossum hypoglossoides, Halurus equisetifolius, Lomentaria articulata, Cryptopleura ramosa, Calliblepharis ciliata (warm-temperate Mediterranean-Atlantic group);Callithamnion tetragonum, Lomentaria orcadensis (amphiatlantic-temperate group);Grinnellia americana, Lomentaria baileyana, Agardhiella subulata (northeast American tropical-temperate group),Solieria tenera (amphiatlantic tropical-temperature group). Pre-incubation temperatures of 10 and 20°C for one month (or 15 and 25°C for the two last-mentioned distribution groups) did not measurably affect the critical survival temperature.