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Helgoland Marine Research

Open Access

Accumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls in turbot(Scophthalmus maximus) from seawater sediments and food

  • W. A. M. Courtney1 and
  • W. J. Langston2
Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen33:BF02414759


Juvenile turbot,Scophthalmus maximus (L.), were exposed to 0.58 µg 1−1 Aroclor 1254 in seawater, to sediments containing 100, 60 and 1 ppm or fed with cockle containing 20 ppm PCB (polychlorinated biphenyls). Concentration factors for liver and muscle were 104 and 103, respectively, for uptake of PCB from seawater. Contamination of muscle was similar to that of sediments containing 1 and 60 ppm PCB to which turbot were exposed, but less than the 20 ppm in their experimental diet. Contamination of flatfish in the North Sea area is compared with the levels of PCB in the flounder,Platichthys flesus (L.), in the River Thames and predictable values for uptake of PCB from different pathways discussed.