Open Access

14th European Marine Biology Symposium “Protection of Life in the Sea”: Summary of symposium papers and conclusions

  • O. Kinne1
Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen33:BF02414793


This last paper of the 14th European Marine Biology Symposium refers to organizational aspects of the meeting; provides a summary of the papers presented in this volume; and attempts to draw conclusions. The summary highlights essentials of the facts presented and of the interpretations offered. It has been written in order to facilitate access to the vast amount of information contained in this volume and to provide a quick overview for the non-specialist. The conclusions present a memorandum issued by the symposium participants; consider the most dangerous pollutants and the most endangered sea areas; evaluate principal criteria for assessing pollution effects, both at the individual and ecosystem levels; and discuss mechanisms of pollution control and environmental management.