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Table 1 Sources of input data values and literatures of Ecopath model of large-scale sea area enclosure in northern Hangzhou Bay

From: An ecological model of the artificial ecosystem (northern Hangzhou Bay, China): analysis of ecosystem structure and fishing impacts

Groups name B i (t km−2) P i /B i (year−1) Q i /B i (year−1) Source (or derived from)
1 Phytoplankton 14.16a 118.20b Own estimated based on Parson et al. (1984)a; Liu et al. (2001)b
2 Macrophytes 32.60a 7.50b  Own estimatea;  Vega-Cendejas (2003)b
3 Herbivorous zooplankton 14.80a 86.00b 280.00b  Own estimatea;  Vega-Cendejas (2003)b
4 Carnivorous zooplankton 6.00a 25.00b 89.00b  Own estimatea; Vega-Cendejas (2003)b
5 Infauna 14.15a 4.00b 20.00b  Own estimatea;  Lin et al. (1999)b
6 Mollusca 6.82a 1.75b 14.00b  Own estimatea;  Tong et al. (2000)b
7 Shrimps 3.15a 1.84b 24.40b  Own estimatea;  Tong et al. (2000)b
8 Crabs 1.50a 2.12b 8.48b  Own estimatea;  Manickchand-Heileman et al. (2004)b
9 Herbivorous fish 1.21a 1.32b 12.00c  Own estimatea;  based on Fishbase (Froese and Pauly 2004)b; estimated by empirical formula (Palomares and Pauly1998)c
10 Zooplanktivorous fish 1.25a 1.28b 7.50c  Own estimatea;  based on Fishbase (Froese and Pauly 2004)b;  estimated by empirical formula (Palomares and Pauly 1998)c
11 Benthic-feeding fish 1.21a 1.22b 5.89c  Own estimatea;  based on Fishbase (Froese and Pauly 2004)b;  estimated by empirical formula (Palomares and Pauly 1998)c
12 Piscivorous fish 0.41a 0.90b 6.00c  Own estimatea;  based on Fishbase (Froese and Pauly 2004)b;  estimated by empirical formula (Palomares and Pauly 1998)c
13 Detritus 10.00a  Estimated by empirical formula (Christensen and Pauly 1993)a
  1. aInput parameters from own estimate
  2. b, cInput parameters from literatures