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Table 1 Biological trait variables and categories used to describe functioning diversity of macrobenthic communities off Punta Chacaya

From: Functional diversity of marine macrobenthic communities from sublittoral soft-sediment habitats off northern Chile

Trait Category
Size (measured as body mass [gr]) Small (0.0001–0.01)
Medium–small (0.02–0.1)
Medium–large (0.2–1)
Large (>2)
Longevity (years) 0–3
4–7
8–11
>12
Reproductive mode Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction-shed eggs
Sexual reproduction-brood eggs
Propagule dispersal Pelagic dispersal
Benthic dispersal
Body design Soft
Soft-protected (tube/tunic cover)
Hard exoskeleton
Hard shell
Living habitat Tube
Permanent burrow
Temporary burrow
Crevice/hole/under stone
Epizoic/epiphytic
Free
Living location/position Surface
Interface
Infauna: 0–5 cm
Infauna: 6–10 cm
Infauna: >10 cm
Exposure potential Low (infauna or flat interface)
Moderate (mound interface)
High (erect interface)
Degree of attachment None
Temporary
Feeding strategy Carnivore
Filter feeders
Interface feeders
Surface deposit feeders
Subsurface deposit feeders
Carnivore/surface deposit feeders
Omnivore/carnivore
Commensalist/surface deposit feeders
Movement method None
Swim
Crawl/creep/climb
Burrow
Jump
Mobility Sessile
Motile
Habitat structuration None
Form-settlement/attachment site
Form-shelter
Action-sediment accretion
Action-sediment removal
  1. Traits were chosen following Bremner et al. (2006)