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Table 1 Mean monthly value with standard deviation (±) of temperature (°C), salinity, nutrient concentrations (μM) and chlorophyll a (mg m−3) at coastal and open sea area

From: Dynamics of prokaryotic picoplankton community in the central and southern Adriatic Sea (Croatia)

Complete data set Coastal sea N = 370
Open sea N = 148
Month
I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII
Temperature (°C) Coastal sea 13.47 ± 1.59 11.16 ± 0.57 10.61 ± 0.86 13.30 ± 1.17 17.18 ± 1.93 18.72 ± 2.74 19.81 ± 3.47 19.30 ± 3.42 21.27 ± 1.55 20.28 ± 1.82 17.55 ± 1.74 15.10 ± 1.30
Open sea 14.86 ± 0.29 13.38 ± 0.52 13.50 ± 0.24 15.22 ± 0.80 16.67 ± 1.97 16.78 ± 3.72 18.11 ± 3.51 17.81 ± 4.59 17.44 ± 3.75 18.41 ± 1.69 18.02 ± 1.35 15.72 ± 0.33
Salinity Coastal sea 37.11 ± 4.02 37.71 ± 0.69 37.35 ± 1.07 37.16 ± 0.86 36.73 ± 3.63 37.26 ± 3.28 37.61 ± 1.10 37.40 ± 2.24 37.78 ± 1.77 38.03 ± 0.90 37.24 ± 4.14 36.09 ± 6.36
Open sea 38.58 ± 0.26 38.65 ± 0.22 38.71 ± 0.01 38.19 ± 0.71 38.55 ± 0.36 38.68 ± 0.19 38.59 ± 0.32 38.67 ± 0.34 38.78 ± 0.15 38.65 ± 0.10 38.66 ± 0.07 38.54 ± 0.12
Nitrate (μM) Coastal sea 3.53 ± 6.88 1.04 ± 0.60 1.35 ± 0.71 0.36 ± 0.29 0.74 ± 2.85 0.40 ± 1.13 0.64 ± 1.08 0.92 ± 1.47 0.82 ± 1.63 1.00 ± 2.10 2.24 ± 5.87 4.08 ± 9.58
Open sea 2.03 ± 0.47 1.30 ± 0.81 0.71 ± 0.19 0.32 ± 0.37 0.64 ± 0.63 0.30 ± 0.59 0.49 ± 0.26 0.95 ± 0.72 0.77 ± 0.78 0.46 ± 0.65 0.35 ± 0.22 0.47 ± 0.19
Nitrite (μM) Coastal sea 0.29 ± 0.18 0.37 ± 0.24 0.16 ± 0.10 0.11 ± 0.07 0.10 ± 0.06 0.05 ± 0.03 0.04 ± 0.05 0.07 ± 0.10 0.10 ± 0.17 0.09 ± 0.19 0.16 ± 0.17 0.25 ± 0.15
Open sea 0.19 ± 0.12 0.21 ± 0.09 0.16 ± 0.05 0.13 ± 0.06 0.10 ± 0.02 0.09 ± 0.02 0.10 ± 0.03 0.07 ± 0.06 0.05 ± 0.03 0.05 ± 0.05 0.06 ± 0.04 0.13 ± 0.02
Ammonium (μM) Coastal sea 1.12 ± 0.54 0.80 ± 0.35 0.68 ± 0.22 1.27 ± 0.27 1.62 ± 2.89 0.59 ± 0.28 0.69 ± 0.72 2.05 ± 3.75 0.79 ± 0.52 0.68 ± 0.33 5.06 ± 9.37 1.18 ± 0.73
Open sea 1.25 ± 0.33 0.95 ± 0.41 0.79 ± 0.32 1.58 ± 0.32 1.17 ± 0.65 0.57 ± 0.35 0.60 ± 0.45 0.56 ± 0.45 0.43 ± 0.32 0.65 ± 0.12 0.41 ± 0.18 0.91 ± 0.39
Soluble reactive phosphate-SRP (μM) Coastal sea 0.04 ± 0.03 0.05 ± 0.02 0.04 ± 0.01 0.07 ± 0.02 0.05 ± 0.05 0.07 ± 0.03 0.07 ± 0.02 0.08 ± 0.19 0.06 ± 0.09 0.05 ± 0.06 0.06 ± 0.06 0.04 ± 0.03
Open sea 0.03 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 0.05 ± 0.01 0.07 ± 0.01 0.07 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.02 0.04 ± 0.02 0.10 ± 0.45 0.06 ± 0.06 0.16 ± 0.07 0.03 ± 0.01
Chl a (mg m−3) Coastal sea 0.44 ± 0.35 0.39 ± 0.26 0.38 ± 0.14 0.55 ± 0.40 0.35 ± 0.69 0.27 ± 0.43 0.20 ± 0.25 0.26 ± 0.27 0.75 ± 0.73 0.74 ± 0.74 0.73 ± 0.58 0.52 ± 0.59
Open sea 0.08 ± 0.01 0.10 ± 0.03 0.13 ± 0.02 0.14 ± 0.04 0.06 ± 0.03 0.05 ± 0.06 0.06 ± 0.05 0.09 ± 0.07 0.11 ± 0.08 0.18 ± 0.05 0.20 ± 0.07 0.19 ± 0.04