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Table 11 Comparative morphological and distributional data for the species of Sympagella Schmidt, 1870

From: Seven new species of sponges (Porifera) from deep-sea coral mounds at Campos Basin (SW Atlantic)

Species Body form Choanosomal spicules Hypodermalia/hypoatrialia Dermalia/atrialia Microscleres Locality/depth
S. tabachnicki sp. nov. (compiled from holotype and paratypes) Saccular D. 1075–6200/8–25
H. 380–800/9–25 (rare)
PHD. tan. 210–550/15–30
pro. 425–1475/13–25
PHA. tan. 235–735/10–30
pro. 465–2025/13–30
HDP. pin. 85–280/18–38
tan. 70–175/8–13
pro. 63–115/8–13
HAP. pin. 90–185/15–33
tan. 65–265/8–18
pro. 65–123/8–18
sp. 20–38/15–25
dh. 55–120
on. 55–98
SW Atlantic (Campos Basin, RJ)/945–1135 m
S. anomala Ijima, 1903 (orig. descr.) Saccular or funnel-like D. up to 2000/35
H. 700/15
(Exceptionally, tauactins and stauractins)
P. tan. 600/34 (can be absent) HDP. tan. 75–100 sp. 34–64
dh. 42
on. 68–100
Japan/430–572 m
sensu Lévi and Lévi (1989)   D. I. 6000/70–80
D. II. 2000–3000/15–25
P. tan. 300–800/15–25 HDP. pin. 80–85/20
pro. 55–60
HAP. pin. 110/10
pro. 70
sp. 25–45
dh/on. 45
ox. 60–100
Philippines/1650–1660 m
S. cantharellus (Lendenfeld, 1915) (orig. descr.) Mushroom-like D. 2200–9100/5–80
H. 160–2200
(Both can be spined)
P. tan 250–770/16–47
pro. 150–1370/15 (can be absent)
HDP. 100–385
HAP. 100–270
sp. 47–69
on. 39–130
ox. 90–133
Central–NO Pacific/4063 m
S. clavipinula Tabachnick and Lévi, 2004 (orig. descr.) Funnel-like D. 760–2580/9–30
H. 80–250/9–15
(And rare pentactins and stauractins)
P. tan. 340–1000/23–46
pro. 680–840/23–46
hdp. pin. 182–258/19–122
tan. 53–91/7–23
pro. 76–106/7–23
hap. pin. 213–410/19–38
tan. 76–129/8–9
pro. 91–144/8–9
sp. 22–50
dh. 72–104/7–18
on, ox. 58–86/9–18
New Caledonia/680–780 m
S. cooki Tabachnick and Menshenina (2013) (orig. descr.) Funnel-like D. I: 1200–10,000/40–320
D. II: 1400–6800/6–15
P. tan. 500–700
pro. 1300–1400/20–30
H. 160–680/6–50
hdp. pin. 67–130
tan. 63–89
pro. 37–81/5–7
hap. pin. 78–141
tan. 52–174
prox. 52–147/5–7)
pp. rare
sp. 25–47/11–14
on, hh. 107–141/6–15
oc. 104–148
N Mid–Atlantic Ridge/2620–2676 m
S. ecomari Tabachnick and Menshenina (2013) (orig. descr.) Unknown (fragments) D. 2400–3900/15 P. tan. 280–500
pro. 1140–610/20
HHD. ray directed outside body 200; other rays 400–300
HHA. ray directed inside the body 700–600/20
(Rare hexactins)
hdp. pin. 93–267/7
tan. 78–148/4–5
pro. 59–122/4–5
hap. 70–196/7
tan. 67–111/4–5
pro. 37–85/4–5
pp. rare
sp. 29–58/7–18
dh. 54–80/7–16
dc. rare
N Mid-Atlantic Ridge/2428–2623 m
S. gracilis (Schulze, 1903) (orig. descr.) Funnel-like D. 3000–5000/60–100
H. up to 1500
P. 400 hdp. pin. 100–150/20–30
tan. 60
prox. 80
hap. pin. 160–260/40
sp. 40–50
on/ox. 80–100
Indonesia (Timor)/421 m
S. johnstoni (Schulze, 1886) sensu Janussen et al. (2004) Funnel-like (with prostalia lateralia) D. 1800–10,000/10–500
H. large
P. present
H. large
hdp. pin. 60–173
tan. 66–133
pro. 15–184
hap. pin. 77–184
tan. 61–122
pro. 56–128
sp. 34–67/13–27
dh, on. 63–97/8–21
dc. 113–147
Antarctic and Subantarctic Islands/567–1543 m
S. multihexastera Tabachnick, Janussen and Menschenina, 2008 (orig. descr.) Lamella-like (fragments) D. 1500–2900/10–130
H. 150–370/10–26
P. tan. 250–870/14–26
pro. 300–1000/14–26
Hdp. pin. 66–143
tan. 41–77
pro. 41–77/2–3
HAp. pin. 92–204
an. 41–71; pro. 51–82
sp. 29–63/13–25
dh. 101–105/8–17
on. 63/8
ox, oc, hh. 76–113/8–17
NW Australia, 405 m
S. nux Schmidt, 1870 sensu Tabachnick (2002) Saccular or funnel-like D. 335–2128/4–12
H. 100–600/8–16
P. tan. 180–850/8–16
pro. 270–912/8–16
(Rare stauractins)
pdp. pin. 50–137/6–12; tan. 23–122
hap. pin. 76–836/4–11; tan. 41–500; pro. 38–304
sp. 18–58/7–22
dh. 32–100/5–11
th. 29–32/7–11
ox, oc, md. present
W Mediterranean, Cape Verde Islands, Caribbean and SE Atlantic, 27–1476 m
  1. Values are in µm
  2. D diactins, dh discohexasters, dc discohexactins, H hexactins, H AP atrial pinular hexactins, H DP dermal pinular hexactins, H HA hypoatrial hexactins, H HD hypodermal hexactins, hh hemioxyhexasters, H P pinular hexactins, md microdiasters, oc oxyhexactins, on onychexasters, ox oxihexasters, P pentactins, P DP dermal pinular pentactins, P HA hypoatrial pentactins, P HD hypodermal pentactin, pin pinular ray, P P pinular pentactins, pro proximal ray, sp strobiloplumicomes, tan tangential ray, th tylohexasters or tylohexactins