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Table 2 Comparative table of spicular micrometries for the species of Geodia of the South Atlantic Ocean, Magellan Region and Antarctic

From: Seven new species of sponges (Porifera) from deep-sea coral mounds at Campos Basin (SW Atlantic)

  Oxeas
Styles (S)
Strongyles (Sg)
Triaenes Sterrasters Additional microscleres Distribution/depth (m)
G. australis Silva & Mothes, 2000 I. 1403–3818/23–40
II. 180–418/3–7
Di = r: 1012–2246–3565/33–61–85; cl: 333–553.8–703
p: 161–192.1–238; d: 76–107.2–143
An = r: 1150–3450–6140/4.8–14.2–24
cl: 67–130.9–190; c: 48–110.6–181
Pr = r: 1334–3143.9–5865/4.6–10.4–23
cl: 86–154.2–276; c: 67–156.4–276
Pl (rare) = r: 828–1909/19–29; cl: 105–219/51–131
266–314.8–352/190–253.6–295 Sp: 20–26.3–32
Ox I. 35–43.2–52
Ox II. 16–23.7–32
So: 14–16.1–20
St: 4.6–7–9.2
Brazil/207–284
G. basilea Lévi, 1964 6000–9000/10 Or = r: 5200–5500/120–130
c: 700–900/100
An or Pr = r: 8000/30–35
135–140/105–110 Ox: 20–30
So: 14–16
South Africa/430
G. corticostylifera Hajdu, Muricy, Custodio, Russo and Peixinho, 1992 I. 335–2034/12–34
II. (S): 251–432/3.8–8.8
Or = r: 372–801–1116/11–17.2–25; c: 32.5–149–245 20–39.8–50 Ox I: 11–17.6–25
Ox II: 5–6.8–8
SE Brazil and Venezuela/3–82
G. cydonium (Jameson, 1811) sensu Hentschel [1929, as G. mülleri (Fleming, 1818)] 2000–4300 + rare styles Or = r: 1600–4250; c: 240–470 57–80 Ox: 20–51 NE Atlantic, W Mediterranean, West Africa/20–400 (Burton, 1956, 1959)
An = r: 3300–6400; c: 31–170 Ox–Sp: 7–22
St: 16–36
St–Ty: 4–10
Pr = r: 3000–5000 + assorted morphotypes
G. dendyi Burton, 1926 1980/44 Or = r:1080/56; c: 240 140/120/100 Sp: 12–20 South Africa/91.5–549
Ox: 32–44 (rays)
G. gallica Von Lendenfeld, 1907 I. 2000–4500/30–180
II. (with central actines) 4000–6000/50–70
(S) 2300–3800/100–160 (rare)
Or, Pla = r: 3000–4500/60–130; cl: 300–770
An = r: 5000–9000/14–38; c: 40–80; cl: 80–115
68–125 Sp: 8–14
Ox: 10–20
Ox II: 58–68
mO: 90–140/3–5.5
mS: 60–78/4–5.5
mT: 34–77/4–6
South Africa/84
G. geodina (Schmidt, 1868) sensu Topsent (1938) 2200–2400/20–25 Or = r: 1250/16–18; c: 200–300 40–45 Ox I: 30 NE Atlantic, W Mediterranean, West Africa/32–95
Ox II: 15–17
sensu Sollas (1888, including the types) 2755/22 Or = r: 1420; c: 340 41 Ox: 56
Sp: 15
sensu Lévi and Vacelet (1958) 2000/22–30 An = r: 1400; c: 35; cl: 60
Pl = r: >1000; c: 200
50 Ox I: 55
Ox II: 25
Sp: 14
G. gibberosa Lamarck, 1815 sensu Silva, (2002, including schizoholotype) I. 250–3200/2.5–43
II. 100–437/2–8
Or = r: 290–3200/9–40; cl: 65–210; c: 21–304 29.5–108 So I:9.5–34.2
So II: 12.5–17.9
St: 2–12
Ox: 10–35.8
S and C Atlantic/0.5–72
G. glariosa (Sollas, 1886) sensu Silva (2002, including sintype) I. 503–1856/4.6–26
II. 218–522.5–4.8–28
Or = r: 1012–2856/23–52; cl: 143–646; c: 127–242
An = r: 1357–5319/6.9–21; cl: 34–117; c: 21–60
Pl = r: 483–2024/9–30; cl: 85–475; c: 48–230
Pr = r: 943–6086/6.9–23; cl: 114–351; c: 23–85
23–67 Ox: 9.2–26
Sp: 13–16
St: 6–10
Brazil/
<13–47.7
G. globosa (Baer, 1906) I. 173–192/3 Or = r: 703–1165/15–29; c: 62–246/14–15 37–62 Ox: 14–37 South Africa
II. 183–722/7–18 St: 3–4
G. libera Stephens, 1915 sensu Lévi (1969) 2000–3000/20–27 Di = r: 2000–2500/50–65; p: 50–80; d: 35–110
An = r:/7; cl: 30–45
Pl = r: 400/7; c: 10 (probably small dicho)
60–70 Ox and So: 20–50
Chi: 8
South Africa/91.5
G. littoralis Stephens, 1915 sensu Lévi (1967) I. 2000–3000/50–55
II. 225–325/4
Or = r: 1800–3000/30–45; c: 200–300
An = r: 3000–3500/10–15; cl: 90–95; c: 65–90
Pm = r: >3000/18–20; c: 35–120
75–85 Ox: 10–17
So: 13
Micraster: 0.5–4
South Africa/2
G. littoralis Stephens, 1915 sensu Samaai and Gibbons (2005) 2800–3280/70 Or = r: 3820–4200/72 228–364/5 Ox I: 46–55 South Africa/
An = r: 5000–5600/18
Pm = r: 6400/18
Ox II: 25–35
Ox III: 14
Micraster: 4–9
2–25
G. magellani (Sollas, 1886) sensu Silva (2002, including the types) 2000–5710/45–65 Di = r: 3358–4950/58–119; p: 76–133; d: 142–323
An = r: 5730–8100/17–27; cl: 160–175; c: 110–130
92–135/69–106 Ox: 10–18
So: 18–24
St: 9.5–13
S Brazil, Magellan Region/81–450
G. megaster Burton, 1926 I. 4500/720
II. 120–450 (microxeas)
Or = r: 4140/72; c: 720/72
An = r: 24 (thick); c: 80
Pm = r: 24 (thick); c: 120
240/200/180 Sp: 4–8
St: 16–20
Ox: 40–60 (rays)
South Africa/91.5
G. ovifractus Burton, 1926 I. 6300/900 Or = r: 6300/144; c: 1980/126 670/520/520 Sp: 16–20 South Africa/91.5
II. 280/4 (microxeas) Ox: 16–20
G. papyracea (Hechtel, 1965) sensu Silva (2002, including the types) I. 580–1230.7/7.5–45
II. 60–223/2–12
An = r: 245–1030/2–9.6; cl: 12–60; c: 7–37
Pl = r: 280–1026/5–43; cl: 29–318; c: 11–172
28–94 Ox I: 14–48
Ox II: 12–37
St: 2.5–10
C Atlantic and Brazil/0–5
G. perarmata Bowerbank, 1873 sensu Burton, 1926 I. 2000–6500/37–65
II. 2250–2800/5–8
Di = r: 2060–6800/64–170; cl: 400–600
An = I = r: 2400–11,500; c: 25–150
II = 2250–2800/slender than oxeas II
Pr = r: 1100–3600; c: 25–140
75–130
108–185/100–135/100–126
Sp: 24–50
Ox: 13–50
St: 5–15
Indian Ocean/33–46
G. ramosa (Topsent, 1928) 2000/40 Or = r: 1500/55; c: 300–385 80/60 Ox: 20–40 Azores, Canary Isls., and W Africa/400
An =/10–15 Sp: 12–16
G. riograndensis Silva and Mothes, 2000 I. 2415–5721–8464/12–23
II. 1610–2082–2726/21–46
III. 247–487–741/5.7–11
Or = r: 1725–2819.8–3675/44–66.5–92
cl: 575–775.3–989; c: 253–365.4–437
An = r: 4501/9.5–12; c: 19–38 (rare)
Pl (rare) = r: 1495–1886/28–39; cl: 460–506; c: 230–253
Pr (rare) = r: 3030–5282/9.5–19; cl: 95–204; c: 62–124
Pm (rare) = r: 2484–3404/9.5–19; c: 52–105
Am = r: 5937–7581/9.5–14.2; c: 19–38
Dn (rare) = r: 184/17; c: 157
57–98.1–124/48–89.9–114 Ox I: 64–86.4–117
Ox II: 14–20–30
St: 4.6–8.4–13
Brazil/200–300
G. robusta Lendenfeld, 1907 2600–6500/25–65 (and strongyles)
Rare and smaller styles
Di = r: 4000–6800/120–170; p: 100–150; d: 140–300
An = r: 9000–11,500/10–53; c: 70–150; cl: 80–150
Pd = r: 7 (thickness); c: 100–130
Pm–Pmd = r:70–100/8–10; cl: 88–95
160–175(185)/135–155/110–120 Ox: 20 (rare) and 23–34
Ty: 4–12
South Africa/84
G. senegalensis Topsent, 1891 sensu Lévi (1952) I. 950–1400/15
II. 180
Pl = r: 520–850/30; c: 100–150 60–80 Ox: 10–20
Sp: 5–6
Senegal
G. splendida Silva and Mothes, 2000 I. 2254–2681–3151/28–62
II. 228–432.7–684/5.7–19
Or = r: 3266–3689–4094/104–111.6–120
cl: 920–1165.7–1495; c: 437–589.8–759
95–148.2–171/86–119.7–152 Ox I: 78–100.1–131
Ox II: 12–17.9–23
St: 5.5–7.4–9.9
Brazil/201–520
Geodia sp. as G. cf. reniformis Thiele, 1898 sensu Uriz (1988)    135–153/100–110 Ox I: 30–70
Ox II: 18–26
Sp: 13/18
Chi: 5–8
Namibia/183
G. stellata Lendenfeld, 1907 I. 11,000–13,000/35–50
II. 5000–7000/60–80 (95)
III. 3000–4000/50
(S) 230–280/4–8
Di = r: 6000–7000/100–170; cl: 680–1000; p: 200–350; d: 200–350
An = I (upper part) = r: 11,000–14,000/18–45; c: 180–250; cl: 160–230
II (base) = 13,000–15,000/22–35; c: 100–140; cl: 130–180
III (rare) = r: 320/1.5 (5); c: 5; cl: 7
Pm (or promesodiaene) = r: 6000/15–30; c: 140–230; cl: 140–180
105–120/85–95/70–75 St I: 19–30
St II: 5–10
Sp: 16–21
Ox: 12–50
mO (rare): 110–135/4–5
South Africa/84
G. tylastra Boury-Esnault, 1973 sensu Silva (2002, including the types) 590–1020/9–19 Or = r: 530–966/6–18; cl: 140–430; c: 75–171 25–85 Ox: 11–27
Ty: 8–19
Brazil/23–94
G. vestigera (Dendy, 1924) sensu Koltun (1964) I. 1900/20
II. 2000/120
III. 480/17
Or = 1400/25 (vestigial triaenes, represented by styles and abnormal forms) 140/120 Ox I: 64
Ox II: no measures
St I: 24
St II: 12
Antarctic/19–252
G. vosmaeri (Sollas, 1886) sensu Silva (2002, inlcuding the types) I. 636.5–1600/6.9–25
II. 55–370/1–11
Or = r: 500–2120/9.2–37; cl: 75–410 25–70 Ox: 11–30
So: 10–25
St: 4–9
C Atlantic and Brazil/0.2–640
  1. Geodia sp. as G. cf. reniformis Thiele, 1898 sensu Uriz (1988)—probably the slides prepared by the author were part of a sieve area (according to the author)
  2. Values are expressed in µm, as minimum − mean − maximum length/width value whenever available. n.r., not reported. Data are from original descriptions, unless stated otherwise
  3. Or orthotriaene, Di dichotriaene, An anatriaene, Pl plagiotriaene, Pr protriaene, Di diaene, Pm promesotriaene, Pd prodiaene, Pmd promesodiaene, Am anamesotriaene, r rhabdome, p protocladi, d deuterocladi, cl cladome, c cladi, mO microxea, mS microstrongyle, mT microtylostyle, Ox oxyaster, Sp spheraster, So sphaeroxyaster, St strongylaster/sphaerostrongylaster, Chi chiaster, Ty tylaster, Sp sphaeroxyaster
  4. aWith modifications in mesoprodiaene, mesoplagiotriaene, mesodiaene, mesoplagiotriaene, and other malformed triaenes, with more than one cladome (Lendenfeld, 1907; Taf. XXXII)