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Table 9 Comparative table of spicule micrometries, distribution and depth data for the species of Xestospongia de Laubenfels, 1932

From: Seven new species of sponges (Porifera) from deep-sea coral mounds at Campos Basin (SW Atlantic)

  Spicules Distribution/depth (m)
X. arenosa van Soest and de Weerdt, 2001 Ox: 342–514/7–14 Caribbean/14–41
X. bergquistia Fromont, 1991 Ox: I. 218–386/8.4–16 (variable in shape)/II. 269–336 × 2–8.4 NE Australia/6–15
X. bocatorensis Díaz, Thacker, Rützler and Piantoni, 2007 Ox: 230–320
Si: 10–26
Caribbean/6–12
X. caminata Pulitzer-Finali, 1986 Ox-St: 200–280/5–14 Caribbean/5–25
X. clavata Pulitzer-Finali, 1993 Ox: 300–335/25–30 W Indian Ocean/130
X. coralloides (Dendy, 1924) Ox: 250/16 New Zealand/ca. 1823
X. delaubenfelsi Riveros, 1951 Ox: 220/11 Chile/55
X. deweerdtae Lehnert and van Soest, 1999 Sg: 272–346/16–32 Caribbean/10–80
X. diprosopia (de Laubenfels, 1930) Ox: 400/30 California/500
X. dubia (Ristau, 1978) Ox: 140–180/10–16 California/0–7
X. edapha (de Laubenfels, 1930) sensu de Laubenfels (1932) Ox: 260–270/13–15
Si: 100/30
California/n.r.
X. emphasis (de Laubenfels, 1954) Ox: 185–205/9–10
Si: 17–18
Micronesia/< 2
X. friabilis (Topsent, 1892) (holotype remeasured) Ox: 210
Ox: 116–165–204/2–4.7–7
Azores/130–927
X. grayi (Hechtel, 1983) Sg: 201–334–433/3.5–6.9–10 Brazil/probably shallow
X. hispida (Ridley and Dendy, 1886) Ox: 370/21 Kerguelen/46
sensu Uriz (1988) Ox: 290–325/13–21 Namibia/7–239
X. informis Pulitzer-Finali, 1993 Ox: 345–390/16–23 W Indian Ocean/70
X. madidus (de Laubenfels, 1954) Sg: 225/8
Ox: 300/1–4
Micronesia/3
X. mammillata Pulitzer-Finali, 1982 Ox: 160–330/1.5–14 NE Australia/n.r.
X. menzeli (Little, 1963) Ox, Sg, St I: 75–106–178/3–4–5
II: 89–94–98/1–1.3–2 (immature or microxeas)
Gulf of Mexico/1.5
X. muta (Schmidt, 1870) Ox–Sg: 173–461 Tropical W Atlantic/2–94
sensu Van Soest (1980) Ox, Sg: 303–380–435/11–18.8–23 Caribbean/4–92
X. novaezealandiae Bergquist and Warne, 1980 Ox: 240–314/10–18 New Zealand/20–40
X. papuensis Pulitzer-Finali, 1996 Sg: 195–245/13–14 Papua New Guinea/15
X. plana (Topsent, 1892) Ox: 235–250/9 W Mediterranean/n.r.
X. portoricensis van Soest, 1980 Sg: 377–409–429/15–17.4–19 Caribbean/10–90
X. rampa (de Laubenfels, 1934) Sg: 330–380/12–13
Ox: 100–300 × 2–3 (microrhabds)
Caribbean/60–220
X. ridleyi (Keller, 1891) Ox, Sg: 300–400/10 Red Sea/33
X. testudinaria (Lamarck, 1815)
sensu Vacelet and Vasseur (1965)
Ox, Sg: 230–280/6–13 Indo Pacific/n.r.
sensu Lévi (1961) Ox, Sg: 175–475/10–12 W Indian Ocean/40
X. testudinaria var. fistulophora (Wilson, 1925) Ox: 400–440/22 Philippines/n.r.
X. tuberosa Pulitzer-Finali, 1993 Ox: 130–270/7–13 W Indian Ocean/48
X. vansoesti Bakus and Nishiyama, 2000 Ox: 152–300/2–16 Philippines/10
X. variabilis (Ridley, 1884) Ox: 400/19 Australia/13–22
X. variabilis (Topsent, 1892)a Ox: 530/33 Azores/454–736
X. variabilis var. crassa (Wilson, 1904) Ox: 510/32 (rarely St) Galapagos/96
X. viridenigra (Vacelet, Vasseur and Lévi, 1976) Sg, Ox: 230–280/6–11 W Indian Ocean/2–3
X. wiedenmayeri van Soest, 1980 Ox, Sg: 230–349–428/11.5–15.3–18 Caribbean/intertidal—1.5
  1. Values are expressed in µm, as minimum − mean − maximum length/width value whenever available. Data are from original descriptions, unless stated otherwise
  2. n.r. not reported, Ox oxeas, St styles, Sg strongyles, Si sigmas
  3. a Xestospongia variabilis (Topsent, 1892, as Petrosia v.) is a junior homonym of X. variabilis (Ridley, 1884, as Halichondria v.) and should be renamed, which we refrain from doing here as we did not examine biological materials of either