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Table 4 Types of illumination used in light traps

From: Light traps for sampling marine biodiversity

Light type Advantages Disadvantages References
LED Very energy efficient, robust, many colours Light is directional not 360 degrees Gyekis et al. [79]
Chemical (Cyalume or glow stick) Low failure rate, inexpensive, robust, many colours, 360 degrees of light Light intensity is low and variable; light intensity may be affected by temperature Barr [45], Holmes and O’Connor [72], Kissick [73], Kehayias et al. [84], Costello et al. [41]
Incandescent Widely available, 360 degrees of light Uses a lot of power, emits heat as well as light, fragile Faber [71], Floyd et al. [39]
Fluorescent Bright, energy efficient Only one colour, fragile Aiken [74], Kawaguchi et al. [33], Doherty [24]
Halogen Very bright Requires a lot of power, must be tethered to large battery, produces heat, fragile Hernandez Jr and Shaw [64], Lindquist and Shaw [86]