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Table 3 Summary of nuclear-follower associations between eels and reef fish found in the literature

From: Follower fish of the goldspotted eel Myrichthys ocellatus with a review on anguilliform fish as nuclear species

Nuclear eel species Follower species Trophic
category
Location Source
Muraenidae
 Gymnothorax castaneus Balistes verres MINV Gulf of California (TEP) [5]
 Gymnothorax castaneus Bodianus diplotaenia MINV Gulf of California (TEP) [5]
 Gymnothorax castaneus Epinephelus labriformis MCAR Gulf of California (TEP) [5]
 Gymnothorax castaneus Cephalopholis panamensis MCAR Gulf of California (TEP) [5]
 Gymnothorax castaneus Holacanthus passer SINV Gulf of California (TEP) [5]
 Gymnothorax castaneus Mycteroperca rosacea MCAR Gulf of California (TEP) [5, 36]
 Gymnothorax castaneus Rypticus bicolor MCAR Gulf of California (TEP) [5]
 Gymnothorax dovii Caranx melampygus MCAR Malpelo island (TEP) [7]
 Gymnothorax dovii Dermatolepis dermatolepis MCAR Malpelo island (TEP) [7]
 Gymnothorax dovii Aulostomus chinensis MINB Malpelo island (TEP) [7]
 Gymnothorax dovii Mycteroperca olfax MCAR Malpelo island (TEP) [7]
 Gymnothorax dovii Seriola rivoliana MCAR Malpelo island (TEP) [7]
 Gymnothorax dovii Bodianus diplotaenia MINB Malpelo island (TEP) [7]
 Gymnothorax funebris Carangoides bartholomaei MCAR Brazil (SWA) [4]
 Gymnothorax funebris Cephalopholis fulva MCAR Brazil (SWA) [4, 37]
 Gymnothorax griseus Aethaloperca rogaa MCAR Red Sea (WEI) [6]
 Gymnothorax griseus Cephalopholis argus MCAR Red Sea (WEI) [6]
 Gymnothorax griseus Cephalopholis hemistiktos MCAR Red Sea (WEI) [6]
 Gymnothorax griseus Cephalopholis miniata MCAR Red Sea (WEI) [6]
 Gymnothorax griseus Epinephelus fasciatus MCAR Red Sea (WEI) [6, 28]
 Gymnothorax griseus Grammistes sexlineatus MCAR Red Sea (WEI) [6]
 Gymnothorax griseus Parupeneus cyclostomus MINV Red Sea (WEI) [6]
 Gymnothorax griseus Pterois volitans MCAR Red Sea (WEI) [6, 28]
 Gymnothorax griseus Scorpaenopsis gibbosa MCAR Red Sea (WEI) [6]
 Gymnothorax griseus Thalassoma rueppellii PLK Red Sea (WEI) [28]
 Gymnothorax griseus Variola louti MCAR Red Sea (WEI) [6]
 Gymnothorax javanicus Epinephelus fasciatus MCAR Red Sea (WEI) [6]
 Gymnothorax javanicus Plectropomus pessuliferus MCAR Red Sea (WEI) [1]
 Gymnothorax miliaris Cephalopholis cruentata MCAR Caribbean (WEA) [11]
 Gymnothorax miliaris Cephalopholis fulva MCAR Caribbean (WEA) [11]
 Gymnothorax miliaris Rypticus saponaceus MCAR Caribbean (WEA) [11]
 Gymnothorax moringa Acanthurus bahianus ROVH Caribbean (WEA) [11]
 Gymnothorax moringa Bodianus rufus MINV Caribbean (WEA) [11]
 Gymnothorax moringa Cephalopholis cruentata MCAR Caribbean (WEA) [11, 38]
 Gymnothorax moringa Cephalopholis fulva MCAR Caribbean (WEA) [11]
 Gymnothorax moringa Chaetodon capistratus SINV Caribbean (WEA) [11]
 Gymnothorax moringa Holacanthus tricolor SINV Caribbean (WEA) [11]
 Gymnothorax moringa Scarus taeniopterus ROVH Caribbean (WEA) [11]
 Gymnothorax ocellatus Diplectrum spp. MCAR Brazil (SWA) [39]
 Gymnothorax ocellatus Lutjanus spp. MCAR Brazil (SWA) [39]
 Gymnotorax vicinus Acanthurus coeruleus ROVH Brazil (SWA) [4]
 Gymnotorax vicinus Carangoides bartholomaei MCAR Brazil (SWA) [4]
 Gymnotorax vicinus Cephalopholis fulva MCAR Brazil (SWA) [4]
 Gymnotorax vicinus Haemulon parra MINV Brazil (SWA) [4]
 Gymnotorax vicinus Halichoeres radiatus MINV Brazil (SWA) [4]
 Gymnotorax vicinus Pseudupeneus maculatus MINV Brazil (SWA) [4]
 Gymnothorax sp. Bodianus diplotaenia MINV Gulf of California (TEP) [36]
 Gymnothorax sp. Epinephelus labriformis MCAR Gulf of California (TEP) [36]
 Muraena pavonina Caranx latus MCAR Brazil (SWA) [4]
 Muraena pavonina Cephalopholis fulva MCAR Brazil (SWA) [4]
 Muraena pavonina Labrisomus conditus MINV Brazil (SWA) [4]
 Muraena lentiginosa Alphestes immaculatus MCAR Mexico (TEP) [40]
 Muraena lentiginosa Serranus psittacinus MINV Mexico (TEP) [40]
Ophichthidae     
 Myrichthys breviceps Cephalopholis fulva MCAR Caribbean (WEA) and Brazil (SWA) [4, 11, 13, 24]
 Myrichthys breviceps Epinephelus adscensionis MCAR Brazil (SWA) [41]
 Myrichthys breviceps Hypoplectrus puella MCAR Caribbean (WEA) [11]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Acanthurus bahianus ROVH Brazil (SWA) [20]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Bodianus pulchellus MINV Brazil (SWA) This study
 Myrichthys ocellatus Bodianus rufus MINV Brazil (SWA) This study
 Myrichthys ocellatus Epinephelus adscensionis MCAR Brazil (SWA) [13, 24, 41]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Epinephelus marginatus MCAR Brazil (SWA) [14, 17, 33]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Halichoeres brasiliensis MINV Brazil (SWA) [13] This study
 Myrichthys ocellatus Halichoeres poeyi MINV Brazil (SWA) [20] This study
 Myrichthys ocellatus Halichoeres radiatus MINV Brazil (SWA) [4]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Labrisomus cricota MINV Brazil (SWA) [20]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Labrisomus nuchipinnis MINV Brazil (SWA) [20]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Lutjanus alexandrei MCAR Brazil (SWA) [13]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Mycteroperca acutirostris MCAR Brazil (SWA) [13] This study
 Myrichthys ocellatus Mycteroperca bonaci MCAR Brazil (SWA) [24]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Rypticus bistrispinus MCAR Brazil (SWA) [24]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Serranus baldwini MINV Brazil (SWA) This study
 Myrichthys ocellatus Serranus flaviventris MINV Brazil (SWA) [24]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Stegastes fuscus TERH Brazil (SWA) [20]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Stegastes variabilis TERH Brazil (SWA) [20]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Stephanolepis hispidus OMNI Brazil (SWA) This study
 Myrichthys ocellatus Thalassoma noronhanum PLK Brazil (SWA) [4]
 Myrichthys ocellatus Ulaema lefroyi MINV Brazil (SWA) [13]
 Myrichthys sp. Epinephelus fasciatus MCAR Red Sea (WEI) [6]
  1. Acronyms for trophic categories as follows: MCAR macrocarnivore, SINV sessile invertebrate feeder, MINV mobile invertebrate feeder, OMNI omnivore, PLK planktivore, ROVH roving herbivore, TERH territorial herbivore. Nuclear and follower species are listed in ascending alphabetical order. WEA western Atlantic, SWA southwestern Atlantic, TEP tropical eastern Pacific, WEI western Indian