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Table 2 Abundance (mean ± standard deviation) and relative abundance (%) of copepods sampled at reef edges and channels off the Tamandaré reefs (northeastern Brazil) in November 2015 and March 2016. Some species have been separated into adults and juveniles (J)

From: Micro- and mesozooplankton at the edges of coastal tropical reefs (Tamandaré, Brazil)

Taxa Reef edges Channels Ratio P value  
(ind m−3) % (ind m−3) % R/C  
Temora spp. Baird, 1850 13 ± 33 < 0.1 8 ± 21 0.2 1.6 0.5687  
Labidocera spp. Dahl F, 1894 9 ± 37 < 0.1 < 1 < 0.1 9.0 0.9641  
Labidocera spp. Dahl F, 1894 (J) 443 ± 857 2.5 36 ± 92 1.1 12.3 0.0232  
Ectinosomatidae Sars G.O., 1903 45 ± 61 0.2 11 ± 14 0.3 4.1 0.1281  
Monstrilloida Dana, 1849 4 ± 16 < 0.1 NP    0.3173  
Farranula spp. Wilson C.B., 1932 1 ± 6 < 0.1 < 1 ± < 1 < 0.1 1.0 0.6019  
Farranula spp. Wilson C.B., 1932 (J) 1 ± 6 < 0.1 NP    0.3173  
Taxa Origin Reef edges Channels Ratio P value
(ind m-3) % (ind m-3) % R/C
Paracalanidae Giesbrecht, 1892 (J) NE 216 ± 320 1.2 37 ± 124 1.1 5.8 0.0110
Paracalanus aculeatus Giesbrecht, 1888 N 69 ± 107 0.3 < 1 ± < 1 < 0 .1 69.0 0.0250
Paracalanus quasimodo Bowman, 1971 NE 65 ± 118 0.3 7 ± 17 0.2 9.3 0.1892
Paracalanus spp. Boeck, 1865 (J) NE 140 ± 165 0.8 38 ± 79 1.1 3.7 0.1081
Parvocalanus crassirostris(Dahl F., 1894) NE 4386 ± 4481 25.0 726 ± 1541 22.3 6.0 0.0001
Parvocalanus crassirostris (Dahl F., 1894) (J) NE 1756 ± 2394 10.0 125 ± 272 3.8 14.0 0.0010
Acrocalanus spp. Giesbrecht, 1888 N 0.8 ± 3 < 0.1 NP    0.3173
Acrocalanus longicornis Giesbrecht, 1888 N 5 ± 20 < 0.1 1 ± 5 < 0.1 5.0 0.9641
Centropages velificatus (Oliveira, 1947) N 1 ± 4 < 0.1 NP    0.3173
Centropages spp. (Dana, 1849) (J) N < 1 ± 1 < 0.1 NP    0.3173
Pseudodiaptomus acutus (Dahl F., 1894) E 253 ± 312 1.4 20 ± 39 0.6 12.7 0.0002
Pseudodiaptomus spp. Herrick, 1884 (J) E 74 ± 89 0.4 18 ± 40 0.5 4.1 0.1308
Temora stylifera (Dana, 1849) N 0.9 ± 3 < 0.1 NP    0.3173
Temora turbinata (Dana, 1849) NE 20 ± 56 0.1 1 ± 4 < 0.1 20.0 0.4191
Acartia (odontacartia) lilljeborgi Giesbrecht, 1889 E 88 ± 176 0.5 54 ± 75 1.6 1.6 0.6422
Acartiasp. Giesbrecht, 1889 (J) E 5 ± 13 < 0.1 5 ± 14 0.1 1.0 0.7153
Oithona hebes Giesbrecht, 1891 NE 1996 ± 3474 11.3 187 ± 287 5.7 10.7 0.0004
Oithona nana Giesbrecht, 1893 NE 194 ± 163 1.1 86 ± 221 2.6 2.3 0.0015
Dioithona oculata (Farran, 1913)  NE 2293 ± 4065 13.0 712 ± 196 21.9 3.2 0.0174
Oithona simplex Farran, 1913 N < 1 ± 2 < 0.1 NP    0.3173
Oithona oswaldocruzi Oliveira, 1945 E 2 ± 7 < 0.1 2 ± 5 < 0.1 1.0 0.0358
Oithona spp. Baird, 1843 (J) NE 2629 ± 2663 14.9 615 ± 718 18.9 4.3 0.0032
Harpacticoida Sars M., 1903 R 10 ± 25 < 0.1 2 ± 6 < 0.1 5.0 0.0358
Harpacticidae Dana, 1846 R 97 ± 91 0.5 10 ± 19 0.3 9.7 0.0013
Longipediidae Boeck, 1865 R 41 ± 38 0.2 4 ± 8 0.1 10.3 0.0013
Euterpina acutifrons (Dana, 1847) NE 656 ± 693 3.7 65 ± 99 2.0 10.1 0.0000
Euterpina acutifrons (Dana, 1847) (J) NE 1082 ± 1678 6.1 60 ± 118 1.8 18.0 0.0123
Laophontidae Scott T., 1904 R 7 ± 29 < 0.1 3 ± 11 < 0.1 2.3 0.0539
Porcellidiidae Boeck, 1865 R 17 ± 36 0.1 4 ± 15 0.1 4.3 0.5148
Tegastidae Sars G.O., 1904 R 50 ± 117 0.2 7 ± 28 0.2 7.1 0.0920
Tisbidae Stebbing, 1910 R 6 ± 19 < 0.1 1 ± 3 < 0.1 6.0 0.3173
Thalestridae Sars G.O., 1905 R 19 ± 50 0.1 < 1 ± 2 < 0.1 19.0 0.4658
Harpacticoida Sars M., 1903 (J) R 742 ± 652 4.2 379 ± 1033 11.6 2.0 0.0011
Macrosetella gracilis (Dana, 1847) N < 1 ± 3 < 0.1 8 ± 19 0.2 0.1 0.0371
Ditrichocorycaeus amazonicus (Dahl F., 1894) N 1 ± 5 < 0.1 < 1 < 0.1 1.0 0.6019
Onychocorycaeus giesbrechti (Dahl F., 1894) N < 1 ± 3 < 0.1 1 ± 2 < 0.1 1.0 0.3416
Corycaeus spp. Dahl F., 1894 (J) N 80 ± 174 0.1 6 ± 11 0.4 13.3 0.1702
Total   17,537 ± 17,767 100.0 3249 ± 4155 100.0 5.4 0.0013
  1. Significant differences (p < 0.0167) are shown in bold
  2. Origin classification: NE neritic/estuarine, E estuarine, N neritic, R reef, NP not present