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Table 1 Effects of four types of feed on the growth of juvenile sea cucumbers (n = 15)

From: Culture of benthic diatom Nitzschia sp. with macroalgae carriers and its application as feed of juveniles Stichopus japonicus

Bait Group I Group II Group III Group IV
Diatoms cultured with Ulva Ulva powder Diatoms cultured without carrier Commercial bait
Survival rate (SR, %) 98.88 ± 0.37 95.55 ± 0.75 98.88 ± 0.46 97.78 ± 0.44
Final weight (Wt, g) 15.23 ± 1.12a 8.06 ± 0.95c 15.56 ± 1.23a 11.01 ± 1.03b
Weight growth rate (WGR, %) 144.67 ± 7.76a 61.24 ± 8.10c 151.21 ± 7.54a 100.22 ± 7.94b
Special growth rate (SGR; % d-1) 1.49 ± 0.09a 0.80 ± 0.08c 1.54 ± 0.11a 1.16 ± 0.12b
Feed efficiency (FE, %) 85.32 ± 6.42a 43.25 ± 4.35c 87.65 ± 7.15a 78.64 ± 6.54b
Ratio of visceral weight to body wall weight (VBR, %) 17.52 ± 0.93 19.34 ± 1.12 17.44 ± 0.87 18.15 ± 1.02
Ratio of intestine weight to body wall weight (IBR, %) 4.15 ± 0.21 5.03 ± 0.33a 4.16 ± 0.25 4.32 ± 0.19
Ratio of intestine length to body length (IB, %) 4.27 ± 0.15 5.33 ± 0.17a 4.25 ± 0.11 4.37 ± 0.16
  1. In the same row, values with the same superscripts or no superscripts are not significantly different (p > 0.05), while distinct superscripts signify significant differences between values (p < 0.05)